Dryness, horny skin, itchiness

Dryness, horny skin and itchiness often appear together.

Dry skin forms when moisture is insufficiently bound by urea, salts and organic acids. Apart from external indications for dry skin, such as white, flaky skin particles, there are particularly subjective sensations that cause discomfort. Feelings of tension and/or itching are common problems for people with dry feet.

But beware! Scratching at itching feet may risk small injuries that weaken the skin barrier even more. The skin dries out further and bacteria and germs may penetrate even deeper. As a result, fungus infections are more common to occur.

Another irritating symptom of dry skin is often an excess of calluses. Calluses normally form as a natural form of protection to prevent water loss. When skin is dry, the natural pattern of callus skin is not sufficiently stable, which makes it easier for water to evaporate. As a result, the body produces more calluses which thicken in certain spots and cause irritating pressure.

Reasons for these foot problems may be:

  • Age (the composition of skin lipids changes with age)
  • Lack or excess of care using soap
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Medication
  • Differences in temperature or too much exposure to direct sun
  • Frequently walking barefoot
  • Non-breathable footwear